Industrial training institute and Industrial training centers can be defined as post-secondary schools in India which comes under Directorate General of Training, Ministry of skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Union Government which provides training into various trades.
Different types of Training schemes– Under ITI different types of training which are provided are as follows-
- Craftsmen Training Scheme- In the year 1950, The directorate General of Training initiated Craftsmen Training Scheme with a scheme duration of 6 months to two years along with additional 130 different specialties. Eligibility to pursue this scheme is 8th to class 12th pass students and individuals. After completing this training, all the trainees are required to give the All India Trade Test. Post completion of all the procedures all the students are given a National Trade Certificate.
Every year in August the process for different ITI trades takes place. The admission procedure starts before the beginning of the new session. And the new session starts from 1st of august for this scheme. If you pass out class 8th then direct admission to any ITI colleges can be taken.
Different Types of Trades-
Usually, ITI conducts two types of admission into a trade which includes one for the M group and the other for G-group. Some of the trades conducted by ITI includes the following-
- Maintenance of Building
- Electronic Mechanic
- Maintaining and repairing of two-wheeler
- Auto Electronic Mechanic
- Domestic Painter
- Industrial Painter
- Interior Decoration and Designing
- Sheet Metal Worker
- Welder (Gas and Electric)
- Marine Fitter
- Mechanic Computer Hardware
- Mechanic Consumer Electronics Appliances
- Radio and TV Mechanic
- Refrigerator and Air-conditioner Mechanic
- Painter general
- Wire Man
- Data entry operator
- Front office assistant
For more details on the list of trades which ITI conducts please click on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_training_institute.
Schemes for ITI pass out individual-
- Apprenticeship Training Scheme– This scheme is also executed by the Directorate General of training under the ministry of skill development and Entrepreneurship. All the trainees after completing ITI can go for this training scheme and can apply to different industries as well. Apprenticeship can be defined as on-the-job training which gives practical experience to the trainees. The duration of this scheme for ITI passed trainee is generally one year but for freshers, it takes 3 years to complete this scheme. Since it is on-the-job training that is why all the trainees are been paid and given a certain amount of stipend.
What is Welding?
Welding can be defined as a manufacturing process wherein two or more parts are combined using heat or pressure or sometimes even both are used. Both the parts join with each other when it becomes cool. Usually, welding is used on metals and thermoplastics but sometimes it can be used on woods too. The complete process is also known as a weldment.
How does this Welding Works?
Unlike Brazing and Soldering, welding can be defined as a process wherein high heat is used to join two or more metals. In the process of welding, it usually heats the base material like copper and zinc but in the process of brazing and soldering base material is not heated up. Heating at a high temperature usually helps the metals to cool and then they join with each other. This process of welding also helps the base material to be stronger than the parent material.
Welding of plastics is used to join the plastic materials which can be achieved in three stages which are
The first stage is the heating of the plastic material, the second is to let the parts cool down so that the parts are fused, the third is to heat the extracted parts of the material and re-heat them as per the welding process.
In the process of welding wood along with the high heat, high pressure is also used to join the wood material. Wood materials are used to join before the friction makes material movement and joints the material. This can also be known as a very fast process to join wood material in a matter of seconds.
In the process of welding, some of the most common welding configurations include the following-
- Butt joint– This is a type of joint which is defined as a connection between the two ends of the joints. Approximately between 135 to 180 degrees.
- T joint– A type of joint for connecting the two ends of the joints with approximately 90 degrees.
- Corner joint– A type of joint for connecting two ends of the joints wherein one end is approximately more than 30 degrees and the other is approximately less than 135 degrees in one end of the joints.
- Edge joint– A type of joint for connecting two edges of the joint with an angle of approximately 0 to 30 degrees angle.
- Cruciform joint- A type of joint wherein two parts of the joints are welded and put on the same axis.
- Lap joint– A type of join wherein two parts of the joints overlap on each other approximately on one another with an angle of approximately 0-5 degrees.
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Different types of Welding and its uses-
There are different types of welding with different methods and techniques which are used in different industries. Some of it includes the following-
- Arc- This type of welding method can be defined as one of the most common methods of all three processes which include manual process, automatic process, and semi-automatic process as well. This is also defined as the most common method of welding in the gas industry. This technique is usually used to join metals such as aluminum, stainless steel, nickel, copper, alloys, cobalt, and titanium as well. The process of Arc welding is generally used in different types of industries such as oil, gas, power, aerospace, automotive, and more industries as well.
- Friction- This type of welding method is used to join materials to join mechanical friction. This method can be used while joining different types of materials such as steel, aluminum, or even wood too. Under this method, excessive heat is given to the metals to join and then a sufficient amount of time is given to make it cold so that the material joins with each other on its own. Friction welding does not use filler metals or shielding gas. This type of process is used across the industry with a lesser amount of usage of nails etc.
- Electron Beam- This method is used to transmit the high velocity of electrons to pass on the heat to the metals to join with each other. The kinetic energy is used to join the workpieces and melt them together. The Electron Beam Welding process takes place with the help of the vacuum which helps the pieces not to dismantle.
- Laser- This welding method is used to join the thermoplastics or metal pieces using a laser to provide the concentrated heat. This method is easily automated, high welding speed helps to perform in a higher way. This is the reason that this method of welding is mostly used in automobile industries as well.
- Resistance- This welding method is also used mostly in the automobile industry like the laser welding method. This process can be described in two ways- First is spot welding and second is resistance seam welding. Under spot welding pieces of metals of the smaller parts are joined together with the help of heat. In resistance seam welding it replaces existing wheels to repair them with new ones.
To get more information on types of welding process please click on https://www.twi-global.com/technical-knowledge/faqs/what-is-welding.
Who is a Welder?
A Welder can be defined as a professional who with the help of the welding equipment specializes in bringing two materials together. The term welder can also be defined as an operator and the equipment which is used is known as welding power supply. Materials that can be used by welder are steel, aluminum, brass, copper, stainless steel. Welders generally have very good performing skills especially using their hands and they also have to pay very minute attention to every detail, technical skills on which they are working.
Safety measures to be taken as a Welder-
Welding without the proper safety measures can be very dangerous and hazardous to anyone’s life. Without taking any safety measures is also an unhealthy practice as per the law and regulations. Nevertheless, with the updated time and technology risks related to welding can be ignored in a great way.
Out of all the welding methods mentioned above the most common thing is the heat which is used to join the metals. Therefore, out of all the risks, the risk of getting burnt is more than anything else. To be safe from these risks all the welders do wear prevention kits to protect themselves which is similar to leather jackets. Also, in most cases the job of the welder is manual therefore to be safe they even wear gloves that are again equal to the leather gloves so that they can avoid exposure to heat and flames.
If we explain the process of welding in detail, the brightness of the area where this process takes place is such that it may also result in harming the retina of the eyes too. Therefore, to protect their eyes, big dark face helmets are been worn so that their eyes can be protected. Nowadays, new helmets also have been introduced for the welders so that their eyes can be protected from Ultraviolet rays too. Most often welders need to work with materials like a shielded metal arc which also produces a lot of oxides and it may also lead to serious medical conditions like metal fume fever which is also dangerous.
In some cases welders need to work in areas in crowded environments as well as this is also their part of the job. Therefore, they need to be very careful while working in such an environment as a small short circuit can lead to the damage of the cells of the human being which if not diagnosed properly can also lead to bigger problems.
Therefore, a welder needs to be careful with the wires which are not in proper order or if there is any leakage. In case, if they feel a small shock also while working then also, they should go for a proper recheck for the cable whether it is properly dry or not. These can be the safety measure for the lives of the welders working in a dangerous environment.
ITI Welder Course Details
This course can be defined as one of the best methodical ITI courses which is the process of joining metals and the parts of the thermoplastics with the usage of high heat and pressure and also the metallic rods.
If anyone wants to get a job in this field in a short period like within 1 or 2 years then they can choose to go for this ITI welder trade course. But if any individual is interested in joining metals or thermoplastics material then they can opt for the ITI welder course. Let us know about this course in details as well-
ITI welder Course Eligibility-
One should at least qualify for an 8th pass school certificate. Read about the courses you can do after your 10th.
ITI welder Course Duration–
The course duration is approximately about 1 year which includes two semesters.
ITI welder course Fees-
The course fees include INR 1500-3000 if an individual is pursuing from government or state institute, depending on the institute they enroll in
In some cases, wherein an individual wants to pursue this course from a Private institute then the fees are INR 5000-25000, depending on the institute they enroll in.
Certificates to be received after completing the ITI welder course- There are two certificates which are received which include-
- NCVT- National Council Vocational Training which is considered to be highly recommended and
- SCVT- State Council Vocational Training.
Types of Courses Offered-
In ITI only a vocational training course is offered.
Details of Subjects and Syllabus Covered in ITI welder Course-
- Theoretical details of a Welder.
- Practical details of a Trade.
- Conducting workshops on science and calculation for better understanding
- Drawing as per the Engineers
- Employment Skills.
Skills required to become a Welder- If someone wants to be a good Welder then there are some skills which one must have that are mentioned below-
- An individual must be physically strong
- He must have good reading skills.
- He should also have good oral communication skills.
- Should also know some of the welding processes like arc welding, tig welding, etc.
Internship opportunity in ITI welder Course-
After an individual completes the full course in ITI they can go for apprentice which is also defined as on-job training. This is because it gives more practical knowledge than theoretical one and also gives us more options to learn as well. One can go for an Internship program in any industry like ONGC, BPCL, ECIL railways so that they polish on their existing skills and learn new skills as well. If someone chooses to join this apprenticeship then they are also paid a stipend between INR 5000-10000 depending on the company they choose for.
Types of job offered after completion of ITI welder course-
After completing this course successfully or Apprentice as well one can choose to work in any one of the following job profiles which include-
- As a Welder itself
- Gas Welder
- Tack welder
- Electric Welder
- Steel and pipe welder
- Fabricator welder etc.
Job opportunities available in Government organizations-
As private companies, they are a lot of career opportunities available in Government companies as well which includes-
- Railways, ECIL
- ONGC, TGNPDCL
- BPCL, NPCIL
- Working in government electricity board
- Working in Municipal corporations
- Hydropower plants
- Thermal power plants
- Nuclear power plants etc.
Salary offered in ITI Welder Course–
Under this job profile usually, salary is offered as per the knowledge and the skill an individual has. But as a fresher one can expect a salary of INR between 10,000-15000 depending on the company, they are working in.
Can welding be considered as a good career option in 2021- Its advantages and Disadvantages: –
As we all know that every career option available for an individual has its advantages and disadvantages. Let us know about the Pros and Cons of a welder course-
- Security of the job– The job of the welder is such which is required in every part of the industries such as architecture, construction, agriculture, etc. Though many other professions have a specific and single way of training therefore career as a welder has more options available for an individual.
- Experimental career option- Like other career options available which are considered to be a boring desk job which is done everyday welding is a profession that requires working in new challenges every day. Depending on the need of the welder, sometimes they are needed to join the metals of the railway lines or sometimes they are needed to join the pipelines depending on the different requirements.
- Always in demand– Since the demand for a welder is in every industry that is why the demand for the welders increases also giving an option of increasing the scope of this profession as well as the time passes by.
- Accomplishments received- Whether a welder is working in the construction of a car or bridge progress of the job can be received by the amount of construction completed or in progress.
- Flexibility options– Since the demand of this profession is more it becomes very easy and flexible for the welders to switch jobs into some other industries. Like if the construction field is not working properly then they can switch to the manufacturing industry. And if the manufacturing industry is not working properly then they can choose to move to the railway industry.
- Danger and discomfort– This profile is defined as a joining metal through heat and pressure therefore if proper precautions are not taken then it becomes very dangerous for them to work. As they also work in an environment which is not comfortable like other professions and makes it very difficult for them.
- Different Weather conditions– Since the demand for the welder is across the industries that is why as per the industries situated in the parts of India changes the weather environment for the people working and which is prone to the bad health conditions also.
Though welding has wide career options available across the industries it becomes very easy for any individual to apply for any sort of job of his choice. The qualifications required are also minimal compared to the other courses available. But we all know that as the option increases the competition also increases in the market. The job of the welder is not easy as it seems to be.
Despite all the safety measures available professionals working as welder needs to risk their life like their eyes, hands everything is in danger position. Also, if the demand of the certain profession increases the working hours also increases which means they need to overtime also. This could include having day and night shifts too or having a continuous shift of 12 hours too, which makes it a tiring job.
Since the manual requirement under this profession is more, therefore, welders need to be very careful while working. They need to very attentive and focused on what they are doing and do it in a repetitive motion as much as possible. This is because sometimes the situation might be such that they need to join the big pieces of material too.
Also, read about 21 other options available. To read more click on https://www.upgrad.com/blog/interesting-career-options-in-india/